Inspect the electric service to the house, identify the location of the service panel and the main disconnect; determine the grounding system method and the overcurrent protection devices used; determine if the main service panel amperage rating is sufficient; identify the predominant branch circuit wiring method; test receptacles, lighting fixtures and switches for problems; inspect the electric service panel for issues such as burned wires, rust and overcurrent protection; test wet use area receptacles for ground fault shock hazard protection.
Test the plumbing system by operating all fixtures, flushing toilets and running all faucets; check for leaks and water flow; drain operation; inspect toilets, sinks, showers, and major appliances for leaks; describe the main water entry pipe material and identify the main water valve location; determine the materials used for the water, drain and waste pipes; inspect the water heater, determine its approximate age and service life; identify gas pipe materials and fuel shut off valve locations; identify gas venting methods.
Test the heating system by turning up the thermostat and checking the response; inspect the heating equipment and heat distribution; inspect vents, flues, and chimneys for any obvious defects; identify the fuel source and heating system type; determine the approximate age of the heating equipment and average service life.
Air Conditioning Inspection
Test the air conditioning system in temperatures obove 6o degrees by turning down the thermostat and checking the response; describe the cooling distribution; determine the approximate age of the cooling equipment and average service life; thermostat operation; air filters; identify the location of the condensation water drain; check to make sure that the exterior unit is level, clear of obstructions and the refrigerant line insulation is in place; check to ensure that each room has air conditioning vents; test the temperature split or delta between the supply air temperature and intake air temperature.
Foundation and Framing Inspection
Inspect the foundation and identify the type of materials used; check for cracks and visible deficiencies; check for water seepage, moisture marks and stains; inspect the framing and identify the components used for the floor structure, wall structure, and framing; identify observed wood boring insects; determine if there is a sump pump system; check for insulation, vapor barriers and ventilation methods.
Test the kitchen appliances by using normal operating controls to activate the primary function of each appliance; determine the kitchen ventilation method; evaluate the cabinets and countertops for significant issues; test each receptacle and determine if there is GFI protection and function; identify the GFI re-set location.
Test the washer and dryer by using normal operating controls to activate the primary function of each appliance; identify the laundry location; determine the exit location and free flowing condition of the dryer vent; identify the type of dryer exhaust vent pipe material; check for the presence of a leak containment system or water shut off system; test the laundry sink; identify the dryer fuel source; identify the type of washer supply hoses.
Check a representative sampling of window operation and electric receptacles; walls and ceilings are inspected for water stains and leaks under bathrooms, kitchens, roof coverings and flashing areas; check for wall and ceiling damage; check door operation; Identify the presence of smoke alarms, carbon monoxide alarms and fire extinguishers; check stairways and railings; check floor coverings for significant deficiencies; identify the type of washer supply hoses.
Fireplace and Chimney Inspection
Identify the locations and types of wood burning fireplaces, gas fireplaces, chimneys; check mortar condition; check the chimney for significant issues; check the fireplace for loose mortar; determine if there is an ash pit; operate the damper; operate gas fireplaces; determine venting methods for gas fireplaces.
Test the bathroom fixtures by running water for a period of time through each fixture in each bath simultaneously; toilets are flushed; drainage and water flow are observed and evaluated; check for faucets and fixture leaks; check drainage; check caulking and grouting at tubs, showers and floors; test GFCI protected receptacles and identify the GFI re-set location; check conditions of tub and shower walls and surrounds.
Describe the type of attic inspection method; identify the type of attic access and the attic, sheathing, framing methods and materials; check for leaks; check the insulation; identify the insulation materials; identify the absence of insulation; describe the attic ventilation system; identify the presence of vapor barriers; identify the type of townhouse fire separation walls; check for pest intrusion evidence.
Inspect and describe the wall covering materials; check the eaves, fascia, soffits and trim for deficiencies; check protection, painting, sealants and caulking for deficiencies and maintenance requirements; identify the presence and locations of exterior doors, light fixtures, and faucets; test GFI receptacles and identify GFI re-set locations.
Roof and Flashing Inspection
Describe the roof inspection method; describe the roof type; inspect the roof coverings; identify the roof covering material; approximate the age of the roof coverings and average service life; check flashings; check roof penetrations, vent pipe collars, skylights and flues; check sealants and caulking.
Grounds and Attachments Inspection
Inspect the entry walks, steps, stoops and railings; inspect the rear and side steps and railings; describe type and location of porches; check decks and railings for significant deficiencies; check driveway and retaining walls for significant issues and describes materials for each; check vegetation for adverse conditions to home.
Grading and Drainage Inspection
Describe the grading and drainage observations; check for significant deficiencies; identify the presence of window wells; describe the optimum specifications for grading against the foundation.